HEALTH & IMMUNITY
Feedlot cattle are often faced with immune challenges demanding an increase in energy efficiency to prevent sickness. During these challenges, glucose metabolism increases, thus increasing chromium utilization and ultimately leading to a chromium deficiency. Research conducted at Texas Tech University suggests that supplementing the diet with chromium propionate enhances the acute phase response of steers to an immune challenge.
Mud presents additional stress on beef animals. Energy expenditure to compensate for the effects of mud decreases energy available for productive purposes, such as daily gain, immune system efficiency, reproductive function and/or milk production. Chromium acts to potentiate the action of insulin, which ultimately allows more glucose availability at the cellular level. Additional glucose is used by the animal in a hierarchical manner to help reduce the energy demand from mud and to provide needed energy for productive purposes.
This study was initiated to gain additional insight into feeding KemTRACE® Chromium to feeder cattle typical of the U.S. commercial cattle feeding business segment. Results of this study suggest that supplementation of chromium propionate to the basal diet can have a beneficial effect on the performance and health of newly received steers.
A trial involving 132 crossbred steer calves was conducted to assess the effects of chromium propionate during the receiving and finishing periods. In this trial, under adverse environmental and stress conditions during the receiving and initial feeding periods, cattle responded to an increase in glucose provided by the influence of chromium propionate on cellular insulin receptors. It appears this increased glucose manifested itself in improvements in various parameters during the receiving and finishing period.
Animals experience frequent immune challenges as bacterial insults can originate from many different situations. Economic consequences of sickness are due to decreased growth, inefficient feed utilization, poor reproduction and increased healthcare costs. An activated immune system requires energy in the form of glucose and literature suggests glucose homeostasis is disrupted during an endotoxin challenge. This study aimed to quantify the amount of glucose needed to maintain euglycemia during an immune challenge.
The primary role of chromium is to potentiate the action of insulin. Increased insulin activity promotes intracellular glucose uptake, providing more efficient energy utilization. Feedlot cattle are often faced with immune challenges that demand an increase in energy efficiency in order to prevent sickness. Research has demonstrated that chromium propionate has a consistent and repeatable response in optimizing insulin sensitivity, increasing the opportunity to maximize feedlot performance and increase profits.
VIDEO: Gut Health: The Gatekeeper to Efficient Nutrient Utilization
Dr. Lance Baumgard
Iowa State University
Professor of Animal Science
VIDEO: Exploring Connections Among Metabolic Markers and the Innate Immune Response in Beef Cattle
Dr. Jeff Carroll
USDA-ARS, Livestock Research Unit
This study evaluated supplementing KemTRACE® Chromium at varying concentrations to feeder cattle fed a high concentrate diet throughout the entire finishing period. Supplementing chromium propionate in feedlot diets resulted in increased weight gain and skeletal muscle growth in beef feeder cattle. The results of this study indicate feeding chromium from chromium propionate throughout the entire finishing period maximizes feedlot performance and optimizes carcass muscle accretion.
Chromium included in the diet as KemTRACE® Chromium has improved the overall performance in beef cattle. The objective of this study was to evaluate feeding varying concentrations of chromium to beef cattle fed a high concentrate diet throughout the finishing phase, utilizing live animal and carcass performance. The results of this study indicate feeding 450 ppb of chromium throughout the entire finishing period maximizes feedlot performance and optimizes carcass muscle accretion.
VIDEO: Chromium Propionate Enhances Feedlot Performance and Carcass Quality Through Changes in Nutrient Metabolism
Dr. Brad Johnson
Texas Tech University
Gordon W. Davis Regent's Chair in Meat and Muscle Biology Coordinator of Graduate Student Programs
QUALITY & SAFETY
The first of its kind. The first in its class. KemTRACE® Chromium – the first product of its kind on the market – is a safe, proven trace mineral for use in swine, dairy, beef and broiler operations. It has been fed to millions of animals around the world since its introduction in 2000. KemTRACE Chromium is registered in more than 30 countries and is the only U.S. Food and Drug Administration-reviewed form of chromium propionate.
Federal regulations, food recalls and front page headlines have dramatically increased the importance of ingredient safety and supplier accountability in the global food chain. Producers must now consider the immeasureable financial impact and irreparable damage to reputation that compromised ingredients and supplier uncertainty can have on their operation. With every purchasing decision, a producer must weigh the importance of brand credibility and confidence in sourcing consistent, high-quality ingredients.
Ingredient quality control is at the forefront of helping customers avoid unnecessary risk. Kemin utilizes standard operating procedures for supplier and ingredient certifications/approvals prior to purchase and use of ingredients. Understanding the importance of high consumer confidence and the impact of the Food Safety Modernization Act, Kemin pursued, received and maintains the Food Safety System Certification (FSSC) 22000 for its manufacturing facility in Des Moines, Iowa.
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