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Complete your circle of protection

Complete the circle of protection for your livestock production with Kemin’s disinfectants, your most effective tool for water management. Keep the bacteria levels down in the water lines and prevent biofilm from developing with ProOxine® and Oxine®.



ProOxine® | Oxine®

ProOxine® and Oxine® are the most effective tool for water management in animal facilities. ProOxine® and Oxine® keep the bacteria level down in the water lines and prevent biofilm from developing, thus keeping the animals healthier by keeping down the pathogen level that could potentially travel from one animal to another.

    •    Colorless liquid with a slight odor

    •    Solution of oxy-chloro species, primarily sodium chlorite

    •    Produce chlorine dioxide when activated


ProOXine® + GRAS acid  ⟶  ClO2 + Oxychloro Sp.


Importance of Water

Water has long been recognized as the most critical nutrient in livestrock production but  the most negleced. Water is the highest single constituent of the body, almost 70% of the bodies of animals are made of water and animals can survive longer period without the other nutrients except for water.

Water is susceptible to microbial contamination regardless of how good a farm’s water management system. Pipes are lined with biofilm, and it affects water quality by releasing bacteria into the drinking water. Biofilm in pipes:

    •    are reservoirs for pathogens

    •    plays a role in corrosion

    •    impact the aesthetics of water


What are Biofilms?

Biofilms are composed of complex microbial structures derived from extracellular polymeric substances (EPSs). EPSs are formed mainly of proteins and carbohydrates. The formation of biofilms depends mainly on microorganism type and density, temperature, pH, nutrient availability and type of materials. Biofilms decrease the efficacy of disinfectants due to their limited penetrability into the biofilm matrix.


Biofilms sources of contamination

Biofilms in the water system can harbor pathogens such as:

•    Actinobacillus pleuropneumoniae
•    Campylobacter
•    Salmonella
•    Escherichia coli (Including avian pathogenic (APEC) strains)
•    Pseudomonas
•    Protozoans
•    Viruses

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