Chromium for Swine

What is KemTRACE® Chromium?

KemTRACE® Chromium – the first product of its kind on the market – is a water soluble, highly bioavailable, organic source of chromium that helps improve glucose utilization and reduce the negative impacts of stress for increased cellular energy and function. This results in improved maintenance, reproduction, growth and immunity in swine. KemTRACE Chromium has been fed to millions of animals around the globe since its introduction in 2000. It is registered in more than 35 countries worldwide and is the only U.S. Food and Drug Administration-reviewed form of chromium propionate.

KemTRACE Chromium is manufactured in the U.S., sourced from U.S.-based raw materials and available in two product concentrations:

  • 0.04% - for use in complete diets
  • 0.4% - for use in a premix prior to inclusion in complete diets

 

Essential to Your Swine Operation

Chromium mobilizes more blood glucose into tissue allowing for improved performance based on each individual animal’s hierarchy of needs. In sows, chromium supplementation can result in fewer non-productive sow days, greater feed intake during lactation, improved body conditioning, and increased high quality milk that results in larger weaned pigs.1,2 A larger weaned pig will become a higher performing animal for the rest of the life cycle.3 Improved performance extends beyond sows and nursery into grow-finish pigs. An increase in average daily gain and increase in feed intake decrease in feed conversion helps grow-finish pigs to reach their optimal genetic potential while keeping producers profitable.4,5,6

 

Stress has a tremendous impact on the performance of pigs. Many factors such as health, environment, social circumstances, management practices, herd density and nutrition contribute to the overall stress load that a pig faces daily. When a pig is experiencing stress conditions, cortisol is released, resulting in behavioral, metabolic, immunological and intestinal changes.7,8,9 Studies have shown that cortisol can have a negative impact on performance.10,11,12 Chromium has been shown to reduce the levels of cortisol, thereby reducing the negative impacts of stress.13 The results of both university and field evaluations demonstrate that KemTRACE Chromium is a highly bioavailable source of chromium that minimizes the impacts of stress, thus improving both performance.

While stress comes in many forms, one of the easiest types to control in a research setting is heat stress. The difference in performance between the control and the chromium supplemented diets of thermoneutral and chronically heat stressed pigs are displayed below.

KemTRACE Chromium Feeding Instructions: Swine

Feeding Period 

 

Feeding Rate 

(Not to Exceed) 

Nursery: Entire nursery period (approximately 42 days)

200 ppb

Sows: Gestation/Lactation

200 ppb

Grow/Finish

200 ppb

 

Delivers 0.2 parts per million (200 parts per billion) chromium (from chromium propionate) when added and thoroughly mixed at the rate of 1 pound per ton of complete broiler feed.

Want more information? Contact a Kemin representative today!

 

References

1Sohn, K.S., and C.V. Maxwell. 1999. New Technologies for sow nutrition and management – review. Asian-Aus. J. Anim. Sci. 12:956-965.

2Hagen, C.D., M.D. Lindemann, and K.W. Purser. 2000. Effect of dietary chromium tripicolinate on productivity of sows under commercial conditions. Swine Health Prod. 8:59-63.

3Collins, C.L., J.R. Pluske, R.S. Morrison, T.N. McDonald, R.J. Smits, D.J. Henman, I. Stensland, and F.R. Dunshea. 2016. Post-weaning and whole-of-life performance of pigs is determined by live weight at weaning and the complexity of the diet fed after weaning. Anim. Nutr. 3:372-379.

4Lawrence, B.V., D. Overend, S.A. Hansen, J. D. Hahn, and R. Ogaard. 2004. Chromium propionate influence on pig performance and meat quality. J. Anim. Sci. 82 (suppl):143.

5Mayorga, E.J., S. K. Stoakes, J.T. Seibert, E. A. Horst, M. Abuajamieh, S. Lei, L. Ochoa, B. Kremer, and L. H. Baumgard. 2016. Effects of dietary chromium propionate during heat stress on finishing pigs. J. Anim. Sci. 94 (suppl) 2): 139.

6Gebhardt, J.T., H.S. Cemin, J.C. Woodworth, M.D. Tokach, S.S. Dritz, J. M. DeRouchey, J.A. Loughmiller, and R.D. Goodband. 2017. Effects of KemTRACE Chromium level and feeding regimen on finishing pig growth performance and carcass characteristics. J. Anim. Sci. 95 (suppl): 275.

7Paredes, A.H., N.R. Salvetti, A.E. Diaz, B.E. Dallard, H.H. Ortega, and H. E. Lara. 2011. Sympathetic nerve activity in normal and cystic follicles from isolated bovine ovary: Local effect of beta-adrenergic stimulation on steroid secretion. Reprod. Biol. Endocrinol. 9:66.

8Martinez-Miro, S., F. Tecles, M. Ramon, D. Escribano, F. Hernandez, J. Madrid, J. Orengo, S. Martinez-Subiela, X. Manteca, and J.J. Ceron. 2016. Causes, consequences and biomarkers of stress in swine: An update. BMC Veterinary Research 12:171.

9Gebregeziabhea, E. 2015. The effect of stress on productivity of animals: a review. J. Biology, Agriculture and Healthcare 5 (15):14-21

10Klemcke, H.G. 1995. Placental Metabolism of Cortisol and Mid- and Late Gestation in Swine. Biology of Reprod. 53:1293-1301.

11Einarsson, S., Y. Brandt, N. Lundeheim, and A. Madej. 2008. Stress and its influence on reproduction in pigs: a review. Acta Veterinaria Scandinavica 50:48.

12C. Mohling, A.K. Johnson, L.A. Karriker, K.J. Stalder, S.M. Millman, and J. Coetzee. 2018. Blood cortisol levels higher in lame sows. National hog farmer May, 2018. http://www.nationalhogfarmer.com/animal-well-being/blood-cortisol-levels-higher-lame-sows

13A.T., B..J. Leury, M.A. Sabin, C.L. Collins, and F.R. Dunshea. 2014. Dietary nano-chromium tripicolinate increases feed intake and decreases plasma cortisol in finisher gilts during summer. Tropical Animal Health and Production 46:1483-1489.

Have a Question?

If you have a questino about our products and services, or just want more information, fill out the form below and someone on our team will be in contact with you.